What is Data Security? Key Challenges and Solutions

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The term information security alludes to the defensive advanced protection estimates which are applied for forestalling unapproved admittance to PCs, information bases, and sites. Likewise, information security assists with shielding the information from defilement. This is a significant part of IT for organizations of each size and type. This process incorporates information encryption, tokenization, and key administration rehearses which help to secure the information all over between the applications and the stages. As per the ongoing report by Gartner, the market for content-mindful information misfortune anticipation arrangements will keep on expanding by over 20% every year.

Without further ado, let’s jump into the blog and understand data security, it’s challenges and solutions in detail!

What is Data Security?

Data security is a set of standards and technologies that protect data from intentional or accidental destruction, modification or disclosure. Data security can be applied using a range of techniques and technologies including administrative controls, physical security, logical controls, organizational standards and other safeguarding techniques that limit access to unauthorized or malicious users or processes.

Types of Data Security

  • Network Layer Security

The cryptographic strategies ensure TCP/IP (Internet convention) alongside web conventions that have been intended for securing mail on the internet. These strategies incorporate SSL and TLS for the traffic of the site, PGP for email, and for network security, it's upheld by IPSec.

  • IPSec Protocol

The IPSec Protocol was at first produced for guarding association utilizing TCP/IP. It was planned by the IETF, and it gives security and verification through cryptography technique, the information is modified using security strategies. The two fundamental parts of modification that structure the purposes behind IPSec are Authentication Header (AH) and Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP).

  • Email Security

The protective measures employed to safeguard the access and content of an email account or service is called Email Security. Basically, the electronic mail is composed, saved, and delivered in multiple step-by-step procedures that start with the message’s structure. An email security software is implemented by the service provider to secure subscriber email accounts and data from hackers.

The measures taken to protect the access and data of an email account is defined as Email Security. Mainly, the electronic mail is composed, saved, and sen in different steps that start with the message's structure. An email security application is executed by the service provider to safeguard subscribers’ email accounts and data.

Key Challenges in Data Protection

  • Exponential Growth of Data

Information is becoming quicker than ever before. More than 1.7 megabytes of new information is made each second. Associations must stay aware of securing their client's very own data as well as delicate individual data. Break Level Index, a public following site for information reports almost 9,198,580,293 information records are currently lost or taken since 2013.

The information has risen at an exponential rate in the course of the most recent decade. However, helpless security rehearses continuously put associations in danger of an information breaks. Personal Identifiable Information (PII) is perhaps the greatest worry in information protection. In light of the veracity and volume of information in our innovation-driven world, it gets overpowering to deal with millions and conceivably even billions of information records.

  • Cost of Maintaining Data Privacy

An information breaks can cost associations millions of dollars. In fact, the total average cost of a breach cost in 2017 was $3.62 million. Associations must make interests in various key security advancements, for example, information chronicling, reinforcement, and repetitive foundation to guarantee their information is protected and can be recuperated and reestablished.

  • Vulnerabilities

The sudden uplift in vulnerabilities has prompted a record-breaking number of public data breaches too. Over 1,254 data breaches were reported in the first half of 2017. Therefore, it is essential to have a patch management process in place and also understand the practicalities of patch management best practices.

  • Human Error Creates Complexity

Normal regular human blunders can fundamentally influence your information security and insurance. Numerous security experts guarantee that human mistake is the greatest test in information protection and security. Poorly educated and unconscious representatives can utilize powerless passwords, erroneously erase information, succumb to phishing tricks, have advantaged account access, and peruse sites, not under satisfactory use. It's up to your group of security specialists to make security mindfulness and preparing a program that engages your representatives and diminishes the danger. Information misfortune anticipation instruments can likewise assist you with forestalling end-clients from releasing touchy information, either maliciously or accidentally.

How Can You Safeguard Big Data?

  • Review Your Safety Mechanics

To viably uphold the information safety efforts, organizations must audit them often for preparing and taking care of information safely inside the IT ecosphere.

Keeping a watchful eye on the vulnerable frameworks that can be attacked by potential programmers like sites, endpoints, unstable gateways, organizations, and brilliant gadgets makes information safety efforts more successful.

  • Employ Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)

This information security technique permits organizations to conclude who can access the information, based on the job responsibilities they hold.

  • Endpoint Protection Software

End point insurance programming doesn't permit workers to get to the unstable site pages and consequently abridge the risk of information breakout.

  • Backups and Recovery

Organizing information security likewise requires an arrangement for how to get to your organization's and client’s information in case of system failure, disaster, data corruption, or breach. Doing ordinary information reinforcements is a significant action to help with that entrance. An information reinforcement involves making a duplicate of your information and putting away it on a different framework or medium, for example, a tape, plate, or in the cloud. You would then be able to recoup lost information by utilizing your reinforcement.

With standard reinforcements, utilization of the cloud, and distinguishing proof of weak focuses, foreseeing the danger of information running into inappropriate hands.

  • Authentication

Authentication is one of the key approaches to enhance data security and prevent data breaches. The technology confirms if a client's credentials matches the data stored in database. The present standard authentication procedure incorporates a blend of approaches to recognize an approved client, for example, passwords, PINS, security tokens, a swipe card, or biometrics.

Authentication is made simpler through single sign-on innovation, which, with one security token, permits a confirmed client admittance to numerous frameworks, stages, and applications. Approval innovation figures out what a validated client is permitted to do or see on your site or worker.

  • Encryption

Information encryption programming adequately upgrades information security by utilizing a calculation (cipher) and an encryption key to transforming typical content into scrambled ciphertext. To an unapproved individual, the code information will be confused.

Information would then be able to be unscrambled distinctly by a client with an approved key. Encryption is utilized to ensure the information that you store (stagnant data) and information traded between data sets, cell phones, and the cloud (data in transit). Your encryption keys must be safely overseen, including ensuring your basic administration frameworks, dealing with a safe, off-site encryption reinforcement, and confining access.

  • Data Masking

Data masking software shrouds information by clouding letters and numbers with intermediary characters. The information is still there, behind the covering. The product changes the information back to its unique structure just when an approved client gets that information.

  • Tokenization

Tokenization substitutes delicate information with irregular characters that are not algorithmically reversible. The connection between the information and its symbolic qualities is put away in a secured information base query table, instead of being created by and decrypted by a numerical calculation (as on account of encryption). The token speaking to the genuine information is utilized across various frameworks as a substitution, while the real information is put away on a different, secure stage.

  • Regular Cleanups

At the point when electronic information is not, at this point required and should be forever cleared from the framework, deletion can overwrite that information so it is unrecoverable. Eradication is unique in relation to erasure, which is a cycle that basically conceals information so that makes it simple to recover.


Although data security comes with a lot of challenges and concerns but you can carefully design a big data adoption plan remembering to keep security at first. You can also get in touch with us to get comprehensive big data solutions. We also provide Database Security, Data Loss Prevention, Data Classification, Encryption/Data Masking/Rights Management, and other services.